Jean-François Bélanger is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the International Security Studies. His book project, titled Why Competence Matters: Counter-Proliferation and Deterrence, focuses on the variation in the use of force against nascent proliferators. Using concepts from practice theory and applying them in a strategic setting, the book examines how competence in previous deterrence crises plays an important role in the decision by counter-proliferating state to use force or not to curb proliferation. His Postdoctoral project examines the role of status inconsistencies and nuclear proliferation. His broader research interests focus on questions of competence and rule-adherence, deterrence theory, bargaining and credible commitment, nuclear strategy, nuclear restraint, and public opinion related to questions of international security. Jean-François has a B.A. from Concordia University, an M.A. from Dalhousie University, and a PhD. in Political Science from McGill University. His research has been funded by the Canadian Defense Security and Defense Funds, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, and Le Fonds de Recherche Société et Culture.